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Worldvisitguide > Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
Giorgio Vasari
Born in : Arezzo - 1511 / Dead in : Florence, 1574
Le Maniérisme
Giorgio Vasari was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. At a very early age he became a pupil of Guglielmo da Marsiglia, a very skilful painter of stained glass, to whom he was recommended by his own kinsman, the painter Luca Signorelli.

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At the age of sixteen Cardinal Silvio Passerini who sent him to study in Florence, in the circle of Andrea del Sarto and his pupils Rosso and Jacopo Pontormo. His humanist education was not ignored, and he met and knew Michelangelo, whose painting style influenced Vasari's.

In 1529 he visited Rome and studied the works of Raphael and others of the Roman High Renaissance of the previous generation. Vasari's own Mannerist paintings were more admired in his lifetime than afterwards. He was consistently employed by patrons in the Medici family in Florence and Rome, and he worked in Naples, Arezzo and other places. Many of his pictures still exist, the most important being the wall and ceiling paintings in the great hall of the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, and his broad, uncompleted frescoes inside the dome of the Florentine Duomo.

As an architect he was perhaps more successful. The loggia of the Palazzo degli Uffizi by the Arno opens up the vista at the far end of its long narrow courtyard, a unique piece of urbanistic planning that functions as a public piazza, and which, if one considered it as a short street, is the unique Renaissance street with a unified architectural treatment. In Florence Vasari also built the long passage connecting the Uffizi with the Pitti Palace, through arcading across the Ponte Vecchio. Unhappily he did much to injure the fine medieval churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce, from both of which he removed the original rood screen and loft, and remodelled the retro-choir in the Mannerist taste of his time.

In Rome, Vasari worked with Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola and Bartolomeo Ammanati at Pope Julius III's Villia Giulia.

Vasari enjoyed a very high repute during his lifetime and amassed a considerable fortune. He built himself in 1547 a fine house in Arezzo (now a museum honoring him), and spent much labour in decorating its walls and vaults with paintings. He was elected one of the municipal council or priori of his native town, and finally rose to the supreme office of gonfaloniere.

In 1563 he founded the Accademia del Disegno at Florence, with the Grand Duke and Michelangelo as capi of the institution and thirty-six artists chosen for members. He died at Florence on June 27, 1574.

The Vite
As the first Italian art historian, he initiated the genre of an encyclopedia of artistic biographies that continues today. Vasari coined the term "Renaissance" (rinascita) in print, though an awareness of the ongoing "rebirth" in the arts had been in the air from the time of Alberti. Vasari's great work was first published in 1550, and dedicated to Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici; it included a valuable treatise on the technical methods employed in the arts. It was partly rewritten and enlarged in 1568 and provided with woodcut portraits of artists (some conjectural), entitled Delle Vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori.

His biographies are interspersed with amusing stories. Many of Vasari's anecdotes have the ring of truth, athough some indeed are too good to be true. Others are generic fictions, like the tale of young Giotto painting a fly on the surface of a painting of Cimabue's, which the older master repeatedly tried to brush away, a genre tale that echoes anecdotes told of the Greek painter Apelles. With a few exceptions Vasari's esthetic judgment is acute and unbiased. Vasari did not rifle archives for exact dates, as modern art historians do, and naturally his biographies are more dependable for the painters of his own generation and the preceding one. Modern criticism - with all the new materials opened up by research - has corrected a good many of his traditional dates and attributions. The result is a tendency very often to underestimate Vasari's accuracy.

The work remains a classic even today, however it may be supplemented by the more critical research of modern days.

Vasari gives a sketch of his own biography at the end of his Vite, and adds further details about himself and his family in his lives of Lazzaro Vasari and Francesco Salviati. The Lives have been translated into French, German and English.

The Vite contains the biographies of many important Italian artists, and is also adopted as a sort of classical reference guide for their names, which are sometimes used in different ways. The following list respects the order of the book, as divided into its three parts.

Part 1
- Cimabue
- Arnolfo di Lapo
- Nicola Pisano
- Giovanni Pisano
- Andrea Tafi
- Giotto
- Pietro Lorenzetti (Pietro Laurati)
- Andrea Pisano
- Buonamico Buffalmacco
- Ambrogio Lorenzetti (Ambruogio Laurati)
- Pietro Cavallini
- Simone Martini
- Taddeo Gaddi
- Andrea Orcagna (Andrea di Cione)
- Agnolo Gaddi
- Duccio
- Gherardo Starnina
- Lorenzo Monaco
- Taddeo Bartoli

Part 2
- Jacopo della Quercia
- Nanni di Banco
- Luca della Robbia
- Paolo Uccello
- Lorenzo Ghiberti
- Masolino da Panicale
- Masaccio
- Filippo Brunelleschi
- Donatello
- Giuliano da Majano
- Piero della Francesca
- Fra Angelico
- Leon Battista Alberti
- Antonello da Messina
- Alessio Baldovinetti
- Fra Filippo Lippi
- Andrea del Castagno
- Domenico Veneziano
- Gentile da Fabriano
- Vittore Pisanello
- Benozzo Gozzoli
- Vecchietta (Francesco di Giorgio e di Lorenzo)
- Antonio Rossellino
- Bernardo Rossellino
- Desiderio da Settignano
- Mino da Fiesole
- Lorenzo Costa
- Ercole Ferrarese
- Jacopo Bellini
- Giovanni Bellini
- Gentile Bellini
- Cosimo Rosselli
- Antonio Pollaiuolo
- Piero Pollaiuolo
- Sandro Botticelli
- Andrea del Verrocchio
- Andrea Mantegna
- Filippino Lippi
- Bernardino Pinturicchio
- Francesco Francia
- Pietro Perugino
- Luca Signorelli

Part 3
- Leonardo da Vinci
- Giorgione da Castelfranco
- Antonio da Correggio
- Piero di Cosimo
- Donato Bramante (Bramante da Urbino)
- Giuliano da Sangallo
- Antonio da Sangallo
- Raphael
- Giulio Romano
- Andrea Sansovino
- Lorenzo di Credi
- Baldassare Peruzzi
- Andrea del Sarto
- Rosso (Rosso Fiorentino)
- Jacopo Palma
- Lorenzo Lotto
- Sebastiano Viniziano (Sebastiano del Piombo)
- Michelangelo Buonarroti

From Wikipedia
Text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Worked wirh Jan van der Straet (Giovanni Stradanus), Andrea d'Agnolo di Francesco di Luca di Paolo del Migliore (Andrea del Sarto), Federico Zucarri and Jacopo Zucchi
In connection with Donato d'Angelo Bramante, Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco (Giorgione), Jacopo Carrucci (Il Pontormo) and Taddeo Gaddi
Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence
Monument à Miche-Ange Buonarroti
Giorgio Vasari, Giovan Battista Naldini...
(from 1564 to 1574)
La Peinture
Giovan Battista Lorenzi, Giorgio Vasari
(from 1564 to 1574)
La Sculpture
Valerio Celio, Giorgio Vasari
(from 1564 to 1574)
Giovanni Bandini, Giorgio Vasari
(from 1564 to 1574)
Buste de Miche-Ange Buonarroti
Giovan Battista Lorenzi, Giorgio Vasari
(from 1564 to 1574)

Palais della Signoria
Outdoor architecture
Arnolfo di Cambio, Giorgio Vasari
(from XIIIrd to XVIth century)
Couloir de Vasariano
Outdoor architecture
Giorgio Vasari
Galerie des Offices
Outdoor architecture
Giorgio Vasari

Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Sainte Famille avec sainte François avec un paysage en arrière-plan
Giorgio Vasari

Louvre Museum
Giorgio Vasari
(from 1563 to 1572)

National Museum of Western Art (NMWA) - Tokyo
Jardin de Gethsémané
Giorgio Vasari
(near 1570)

Vatican Museums - Sistine Chapel
Original artist
Giorgio Vasari, Jacopo Zucchi
La Chute de Lucifer et des anges rebelles
Giorgio Vasari, Federico Zucarri
Work(s)' related   
Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence
Relationship with
Niccolò di Pietro Gerini

Louvre Museum
Relationship with
La Vierge, l'Enfant Jésus, sainte Elisabeth et le petit saint Jean et deux anges
Andrea d'Agnolo di Francesco di Luca di Paolo del Migliore
(near 1516)
Portrait de Michel-Ange
Giuliano di Piero di Simone Bugiardini, Bartolomeo Bandinelli
(near 1522)
Vénus conduite par l'Amour auprès d'Adonis mort
Jacopo Zanguidi
(approx. from 1560 to 1566)

Palace of Sans-souci
Portrait sculpté de Vasari
(from 1755 to 1764)
Place(s) related   

Giorgio Vasari

Jan van der Straet (Giovanni Stradanus)
Andrea d'Agnolo di Francesco di Luca di Paolo del Migliore (Andrea del Sarto)
Federico Zucarri
Jacopo Zucchi
Donato d'Angelo Bramante
Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco (Giorgione)
Jacopo Carrucci (Il Pontormo)
Taddeo Gaddi