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French
Armida abandoned by Rinaldo

Armida abandoned by Rinaldo






Date : between 1742 and 1745

Material : Oil on canvas
Acquisition : Bequest of James Deering (1925)
Art Institute of Chicago
Italy1700s
First Level - Section 218
Item 17 on 21
European Painting
Painting

Area related
Italy

Description   

Tiepolo's Tasso Cycle

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1699 - 1770) was the most important and imaginative Venetian painter of the eighteenth century. Among Tiepolo's most lyrical works is this series of four paintings illustrating Torquato Tasso's (1544 - 1595) celebrated poem "Jerusalem delivered (Gerusalemme liberata)", first published in 1581.

In these paintings Tiepolo attempted to create a style that is a visual equivalent of Tasso's exalted poetry. In a fanciful account of the first crusade of 1099 and the subsequent capture of Jerusalem, Tasso described the Christian knight Rinaldo and the enchanting sorceress Armida. In his depiction of Rinaldo's struggle to overcome the charms of Armida and fulfill his mission to save the Holy Land, Tiepolo emphasized the conflict between love and duty.

A recently discovered inventory suggests that the Rinaldo and Armida series was originally displayed in a Venetian palace owned by the eminent Cornaro (Corner) family. Apparently, these four pictures, together with at least three oval paintings (now in the Galleria nazionale d'Arte Antica in Rome and the Norton Simon Art Foundation in Pasadena) and perhaps four narrow, vertical canvases (now in the National Gallery in London) once adorned a chamber in the Cornaro palace known as the "gabinetto degli specchi", or "the small room of mirrors". This location would partly account for the prominence of mirrors and mirrored surfaces in Tiepolo's paintings.

Armida abandoned by Rinaldo

Here, Carlo and Ubaldo persuade Rinaldo to leave Armida and rejoin their chivalric quest. Armida pleads with Rinaldo to remain. The scene poignantly contrasts love and duty :

She said no more, her tears her speeches broke
But in a swoon on earth outstretch'd she lies
what should he do? Leave on the naked sand
This woeful lady, half alive, half dead?
Kindness forbade, pity did that withstand;
But hard constraint, alas! did thence him lead.
(Torquato Tasso, Jerusalem Delivered, XVI,50,59,61)

Item(s) related   
Art Institute of Chicago :
Italy1700s
Rinaldo and Armida in her Garden
Thème mythologique
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
from 1742 to 1745
Rinaldo and Armida the Magus of Ascalon
Thème mythologique
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
from 1742 to 1745
Rinaldo Enchanted by Armida
Thème mythologique
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
from 1742 to 1745

J. Paul Getty Museum :
European Paintings 1600-1800
Rinaldo and the Mirror-Shield
Thème mythologique
Francesco Maffei
approx. from 1650 to 1655
Rinaldo's Conquest of the Enchanted Forest
Thème mythologique
Francesco Maffei
approx. from 1650 to 1655

Louvre Museum :
Barye
La mort de Tancrède
Groupe
Jean-François-Théodore Gechter
1837
Effiat
Renaud dans les bras d'Armide
Tenture
Simon Vouet
approx. from 1630 to 1660
La peinture à Gênes et à Naples au XVIIème siècle
Tancrède secouru par Herminie et Valfrin après le combat d'Argante
Herminie et Valfrin soignent les blessures de Tancrède après le combat d'Argante
Thème mythologique
Pier Francesco Mola
Sizes : 69 cm x 92 cm
approx. from 1650 to 1660
Les peintres de Louis XV
Renaud et Armide
Scène
Ecole française - Rococo
François Boucher
Sizes : 1.36 m x 1.71 m
approx. from 1733 to 1734
Maratta
Armide et le compagnon de Renaud
Thème mythologique
Giuseppe Passeri
Sizes : 95 cm x 108 cm
approx. from 1685 to 1690
Peinture italienne - II
Renaud et Armide
Thème mythologique
Domenico Zampieri
Sizes : 1.21 m x 1.68 m
approx. from 1620 to 1621
Herminie chez les bergers
Thème mythologique
Domenico Zampieri
Sizes : 1.26 m x 1.68 m
approx. from 1620 to 1625
Peintures hollandaises
Les Amours de Renaud et Armide
Renaud et l'enchanteresse Armide
Thème littéraire
Anthony - Anthonius van Dyck
Sizes : 1.33 m x 1.09 m
approx. from 1629 to 1632
Sassoferrato
La tentation de Charles et Ubalde
Charles et Ubalde allant délivrer Rinaldo
Thème littéraire
Giovanni Bilivert
Sizes : 37 cm x 28 cm
approx. from 1629 to 1630

Metropolitan Museum of Art :
Poussin, Gellée, de la Tour, de Champaigne, de la Hyre
The Companions of Rinaldo
Thème mythologique
Nicolas Poussin
Sizes : 1.18 m x 1.02 m
approx. from 1630 to 1633

New Pinacothek of Munich :
French Painting from Romanticism to Realism : Gustave Courbet, Honoré Daumier, Eugène Delacroix, Théodore Géricault, Jean François Millet, Carle Vernet
Clorinde Freeing Olindo and Sofronia
Clorinde befreit Olindo und Sophronia
Scène extérieure
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix
Sizes : 101 cm x 82 cm
1856
Armida abandoned by Rinaldo
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo