In Jainism, Rishabh Dev (ऋषभदेव) or Adinatha (आदिनाथ) (other names used: Riṣhabh, Riṣhabhanāth, Rushabh, Rushabhdev, Adinath or Adishwar or Kesariyaji - Sanskrit ṛṣabha meaning "best, most excellent") was the first of the 24 Tirthankara. He belonged to the House of Ikshwaku, which was also known as the "House of the Sun".
According to Jain beliefs, Rishabha was the first Tirthankar of the present age (Avasarpini). Because of this, he had the name of Ādināth - the original lord. He became a Siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of its karma.
Rishabha was born to King Nabhi Raja and Queen Marudevi at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku clan. According to Jain beliefs, Rishabh existed before civilization developed. He taught people agriculture, tending of animals, cooking, and more. He had one hundred and one sons (main among them Bharat Chakravati and Bahubali) and two daughters, Bhrami and Sundari.
His eldest son, Bharat, was a chakravarti king and the conqueror of the known world. In the later part of his life he retired to become a monk and attained moksha (liberation). Because he became a siddha, he is occasionally worshipped. According to Jain beliefs, in India he was named Bhārata-varsha or Bhārata after him. His second son was Bahubali, whose statue stands at Shravanabelagola, Karnataka as well as at Karkala. When Bharat was to become a chakravati (kings of kings) he asked his younger brother Bahubali to accept him as his king and protector. Bahubali refused, and both kings faced each other in battle. Wise men on both sides, to avoid major bloodshed, requested both kings to fight individually without army to decide the victor. Bharat first punched Bahubali on his head and, because of the punch's enormous power, Bahubali sank into the ground up to his knees. On Bahubalis Rishabh's grandson Marichi's soul later became Mahavira. He attained kevalgnan (infinite knowledge) at Palitana and attained moksha at Ashtapad mountain in the Himalayas.
Rishabha is mentioned in the Hindu text of the Bhagavata Purana as an avatar of Vishnu. He is mentioned in all the Vaishnava/Shaiva Puraņas, as well as in some other texts.
According to the Bhāgavata, he was born to show the people of this world the path of salvation. It was he who advised the people to follow the path of eternal bliss, instead of indulging in a life of worldly pleasures and enjoyment. He is the founder and promoter of sramanic culture. In the depth study of the vedas and puranas, which contain numerous references to Rishabha.
The Bhagavata Purana says :
- "अष्टमे मेरुदेव्यां तु नाभेर्जात उरूक्रमः. दर्शयन वर्म धीराणां सर्वाश्रमनमस्कृतम्
In the womb of Merudevi, wife of Nabhi, Rishaba had his eighth avatara. He showed himself in a form that is to be worshipped by those in any stage of life (ashrama)".
Bhāgavata calls him "शरीर मात्र परिग्रह " (body his only possession), "गगन परिधानः " (wearing the sky), वातरशना (wearing the wind).
It is located between Jodhpur and Udaipur, in a valley on the western side of the Aravalli Range. Ranakpur is easily accessed by road from Udaipur.
Ranakpur is widely known for its marble Jain temple, and for a much older Sun Temple which lies opposite the former.
The renowned Jain temple at Ranakpur is dedicated to Adinatha.
Light colored marble has been used for the construction of this grand temple which occupies an area of approximately 60 x 62 meters. The temple, with its distinctive domes, shikhara, turrets and cupolas rises majestically from the slope of a hill. Over 1444 marble pillars, carved in exquisite detail, support the temple. The pillars are all differently carved and no two pillars are the same. It is also said that it is impossible to count the pillars. Also all the statues face one or the other statue. There is one beautiful carving made out of a single marble rock where there 108 heads of snakes and numerous tails. One cannot find the end of the tails. The image faces all four cardinal directions. In the axis of the main entrance, on the western side, is the largest image.
The temple is designed as chaumukhawith four faces. The construction of the temple and quadrupled image symbolize the Tirthankara's conquest of the four cardinal directions and hence the cosmos. Shri Chintamani Parsvanath Temple Bagol only one to a special place in the historic jain temples of world in Rajasthan. renovated Golden temple, the only known places around the world Bagol there Shri Chintamani Parsvanath God's amazing sculpture.
The dating of this temple is controversial but it is largely considered to be anywhere between the late 14th to mid-15th centuries. Inspired by a dream of a celestial vehicle, Dhanna Shah, a Porwad, is said to have commissioned it, under the patronage of Rana Kumbha, then ruler of Mewar. The architect who oversaw the project is said to have been named Deepaka. There is an inscription on a pillar near the main shrine stating that in 1439 Deepaka, an architect, constructed the temple at the direction of Dharanka, a devoted Jain.
How to reach
- By Train : The nearest station is Falna
- By Air : The nearest airport is Udaipur
- By road : Distances
* Falna 28km approximately 30 mins
* Udaipur 80km approximately 2 hours
* Jodhpur 150km approximately 4 hrs
* Jaipur 370 km approximately 6 hrs
Text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation