|Derinkuyu Underground City |
near VIIIth century B.C.
Derinkuyu, located in Cappadocia, is notable for its large multi-level underground city, which is a major tourist attraction. The historical region of Cappadocia, where Derinkuyu is situated, contains several historical underground cities, carved out of a unique geological formation, and were largely used by early Christians as hiding places.
|Fairy chimneys in Cappadocia |
The uniqueness of Cappadocia was formed by the eruption of Mt. Erciyes and Mt. Hassan, circa 60 million years ago that spread a thick layer volcanic ash over the area.
|Ihlara Valley (9)|
Ihlara is situated at about 40 km (25 mi) Aksaray and near the town of Güzelyurt. The township is famed for the nearby valley of the same name, Ihlara Valley, which is a 14 km long gorge cut into volcanic rock in the southern part of Cappadocia, following several eruptions of Mount Erciyes.
|Kaymakli Underground City |
Kaymakli Underground City is contained within the citadel of Kaymakli in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. First opened to tourists in 1964, the village is about 19km from Nevşehir, on the Nevşehir-Niğde road. The ancient name was Enegup.